forest of deanweb The Bint Family from Shinfield





The Bint Family of Shinfield, Arborfield & Barkham
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Shinfield Church around 1900

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Our first proven ancestor was John Bint who married Mary Critcher at Shinfield, Berkshire in 1751. He claimed on a settlement document around that time to be from the next-door parish of Hurst and this was confirmed by his former neighbours. (Unfortunately there does not appear to be a record of his birth or ancestors.)

They settled at the village of Shinfield and had five sons who reached adulthood. James 1754, Thomas 1769, and William 1772 are the three we know most about.

Thomas Bint (1769) who married Sarah Appleton at Shinfield in 1796 and had six surviving children, was the father of Philip, and grand-father of Philip Thomas who migrated to New Zealand. Philip (1812) was named after his grandfather, farm-worker Philip Appleton (1747).

William Bint (1772)  who married Hannah Clark in 1800, fathered the nearby Arborfield and Barkham families.  


Thomas Bint (1769-1840) and Sarah Appleton (1774-1826)


Philip Bint (1812) was the son of Shinfield born Thomas Bint (1769-1840) and Sarah Appleton (1774-1826) who were married at Shinfield in June 1796. Thomas and Sarah had nine children all born at Shinfield. They were John Bint (1797-1811), Mary Ann (1802), Hannah (1804), Maria (1806), Thomas (1808-08), Sarah (1809), Philip (1812),  Ann (1815), and James (1818-1819). 

Philip, the only son to reach adulthood, was named after his grandfather Philip Appleton who was born at Shinfield in 1747. 

His mother Sarah died when he was only 14 years old.  

Philip Bint (1812), married a postman's 32 year old widow, Elizabeth Lailey, in 1839. Elizabeth born in 1807 at the Hampshire village of Monk Sherborne, daughter of Joseph & Sarah Butler, married John Lailey (Lalley) at St James, Westminster, Middlesex in May 1829. They had at least 5 children, James (1831), Jane (1832), Emma (1834), Harriet (1836) and Ann Elizabeth (1838), before John's death and her marriage to Philip. 

The spelling of the name 'Lailey' varies in a number of records. I have assumed this is the correct spelling taking it from Maria's birth certificate and several other records. Its also a fairly common surname in that part of Berkshire.

Philip had taken over the job of postal carrier previously filled by Elizabeth's first husband John Lailey.
The above conviction cost him his employment and plunged the family into poverty.


The 1841 census for Brookers Hill, near the church at Shinfield, shows Philip's occupation as "postman" possibly taking over the horse & cart left by Elizabeth's former husband.  Their first child Sarah was born in 1840 and four more were added to the family by 1850. Only three survived, Sarah (1840), Maria (1847) and their only son Philip (1850). 

All three children would eventually, at different times, migrate to New Zealand   -  Sarah Soanes, Maria Meyer and Philip Bint.

Philip Thomas Bint (1850), who married Charlotte Allman, migrated with his family on the Cardigan Castle in 1876.

Philip's sister Hannah Bint (1804-1885) married local farm labourer George Burrett (1804-1895) at Arborfield in 1828. George became one of the earliest school-masters at Arborfield in the 1840s and at some point Hannah joined him as the school mistress.

They had seven children, all born at Arborfield. They were Martha  Burrett (1829-56), Thomas (1833), Hannah (1834), John (1837), Henry (1840), Ann (1844) and James (1846).

On the 1861 census the family had moved to nearby Swallowfield schoolhouse where they remained as schoolmaster and schoolmistress until his retirement in the 1870s. Hannah died in 1885.

The 1891 census records widower George living at Rose Farm cottages close to the George and Dragon inn at Swallowfield with his unmarried daughter Ann Burrett.

He died there in 1895.

Their son John Burrett (1837-1884) married Arborfield born Isabella Nutley (1839) at Reading in 1859. He became a brewer and his family settled at Canal House, Fobney Street, Reading. They had three children, Edwin John Burrett (1862), Mary J Burrett (1865) and Edith Harriet (1878).

  At Arborfield Cross six roads meet, of which one runs north to join the Reading road, a second leads west across the River Loddon to Shinfield, a third goes south-west to Swallowfield, a fourth south to Finchampstead, a fifth south-east to Barkham, and the sixth is a grass lane which runs by a winding course to East Heath. The nearest railway station is Sindlesham Halt.  From: 'Parishes: Arborfield', A History of the County of Berkshire: Volume 3 (1923)

Shinfield Charity School

"The school shall be for the education of 20 poor children and they shall be clothed every year - the boys shall have one gray cloth coat, one blue cap with two bands, one pair of stockings and a pair of shoes with buckles. The girls to have a gown and petticoat of blue serge, two quaifs with two bands and a pair of stockings and shoes with buckles".

Wealthy land-owner George Hulme moved to Shinfield sometime before 1814 when he built Shinfield Grove. Shortly after this date he constructed a small school on his own land and that was entirely supported by himself. The building that he constructed still exists in Church Lane opposite the Six Bells PH but is now a private house. He had found that the charity school in the village had, for many years, only took boys and so opened his own school for the education of 12 girls. This school only lasted for a few years when it was pointed out to the trustees of the charity school that the school was for boys and girls and was against the founders' rules of 1707.

A relation of the Bint family, James Critcher (bn 1762), who was an ex-pupil, became headmaster from about 1782 until 1804 when he was dismissed for not enforcing some of the trustees' rules. He did however retain his job as a parish clerk until the 1840s. There is a reference to a Thomas Bint (probably Thomas bn 1769 - Philip & Hannah's father) in the Charity School log-book who was paid £3 9s 0d in 1813 for work carried out at the school.

* Based on information kindly supplied by local historian Barry Boulton who has transcribed the original school log book.


Swallowfield around 1900


Another of Philip's sisters, Ann Bint (1802), also known as Mary Ann, married widower John Hannington(1793-1854) at Arborfield in 1828. Their daughter, dressmaker Mary Ann Hannington (1828), married bricklayer Charles Houlton (1830-1897) at Wokingham in 1853. They had no children. Another daughter Emma Hannington (1844) had two children out of wedlock, William Hannington (1867) and Frederick Hannington (1871-73) and was staying with the Houltons in 1871.

Emma married Dorset born George Hardy (1831) at Wokingham in 1880 and the couple moved to Chelmsford in Essex to run a pub called The Dolphin. Her son, brick-layer William Hannington (1867),  remained with the Houltons at Peach Street, Wokingham after his mother's marriage.

William and his wife Sophia were living at nearby Whitley with their two children Alice (4) and Kate (2) in 1891.


At Arborfield Cross six roads meet, of which one runs north to join the Reading road, a second leads west across the River Loddon to Shinfield, a third goes south-west to Swallowfield, a fourth south to Finchampstead, a fifth south-east to Barkham, and the sixth is a grass lane which runs by a winding course to East Heath. The nearest railway station is Sindlesham Halt.           

A History of the County of Berkshire: Volume 3    1923


Market Day at Wokingham


Wokingham was once famous for its bull-baiting. In 1661 George Staverton left a bequest in his will giving two bulls to be tethered in the Market Place and baited by dogs on St Thomas' Day (21 December) each year. The bulls were paraded around the town a day or two before the event and then locked in the yard of the original Rose Inn , half of which is visible on the extreme right of this photograph. People travelled from miles around to see the dangerous spectacle. A number of dogs would be maimed or killed during the event and the bulls were eventually destroyed. The meat and leather were distributed amongst the poor people of the town. Some of the spectators also sustained fatal injuries. 

In 1794 on the morning after the bull-baiting Elizabeth North was found dead and covered with bruises. In 1808 55-year-old Martha May died after being hurt by fighters in the crowd. The cruel 'sport' was prohibited by the Corporation in 1821 but bulls were still provided at Christmas and the meat distributed to the poor. Bull-baiting was banned by Act of Parliament in 1833.


William Bint (1772) & Hannah Clark


William Bint from Shinfield, Berkshire, who married Hannah Clark in 1800, fathered the nearby Arborfield, Berkshire  family.  William was the son of John Bint and Mary Critcher who were married at Shinfield in 1752.

In 1841 William Bint (1772) born Shinfield, agricultural labourer, and Hannah (1774) were living at nearby Pudding Lane Cottage, Arborfield. They had produced at least 8 children. James 1800, Mary 1803, Elizabeth 1804, Thomas 1805, John 1808, William 1812, Dinah 1811, and Phoebe 1816. William died at Arborfield in 1842 and Hannah in 1843. There are no longer any houses in Pudding Lane and the area is now covered by the Pudding Lane Nursery complex.


One of William's sons, William Bint (1812-1897) moved to Sunninghill, a few miles from Ascot racecourse, where he married Ann Arter (1814-1886) in 1838.

After the arrival of the railway with it's fast connection to London in the 1840's, the population rapidly expanded, and Sunningdale, a part of Sunninghill and Windsor, became a parish. Today it's more known for an international golf course, expensive mansions, and proximity to Ascot, Windsor Castle, and Wentworth Golf Club. 

William was from a family of agricultural labourers, and went to work at Sunningdale's Coworth Park, a large local estate, as a farm labourer. He later became farm bailiff and remained at Coworth until his retirement.  (See Sunningdale Bint Family)

His sister Elizabeth Bint (1803) married farm labourer Moses Brant (1803) at Arborfield in September 1824. Moses appears to be the son of Moses Brant and Sarah Biddle who were married at nearby Hurst in 1805 and moved to Barkham. 

Moses & Elizabeth settled at nearby Burgess Lane, Barkham and had at least five children, Sarah Brant (1830), Moses (1829), John (1833), William (1834), and James (1836). Her husband Moses died when only 35 years old in April 1838. On the 1841 census their eldest son who was also called Moses (1831-1910) was living with his farm labouring grand-parents at Barkham. He later became a game-keeper and married Henrietta Berry (1834-1905) from North Leigh, Devon. They had at least ten children who were born in various parts of England and Wales as he appears to have changed employers every couple of years. His eldest son was also named Moses (1862) and born at Llanelly, Breconshire.

Another son, William Brant (1834), married Elizabeth Batten (1833), who was from Barkham, in 1858. He was also a game-keeper for most of his life and worked in the Wokingham/Barkham area. They had at least seven children and named their eldest son Moses (1858). When William retired his home was at nearby Waltham St. Lawrence.


Another of William and Hannah's sons, James Bint (1800), remained in Arborfield. He married  Hannah Burrett (born Colchester (1810) there in 1831. They had six children all born at Arborfield. John Bint (1832), James (1835), Hannah (1840), Moses (1843), Ellen (1845), and Mary (1848). In 1841 the family lived at Bridge House.

James Bint's son John Bint (1832) became a policeman. Married to Ely, Cambridgeshire girl Mary Cooper (1834) at Shoreditch, London in 1856, he was at Whittlesey, Cambridgeshire in 1861. Mary unfortunately died in 1868 and John joined the Berkshire Police that year, giving his residence as Arborfield. The 1871 census records him nearer home at Bisham near Marlow, Buckinghamshire now a widower with 3 children, John A Bint (1863), Frederick (1864) and Ellen (1865). In 1881 he was still a policeman living at Forest Gate Cottage in Windsor Great Park not far from Coworth where his Sunningdale cousins lived. The 1891 census records him now married to Eliza (49) from Midgam, Berkshire, retired from the police service and living with his daughter Ellen Bowyer and family at Hatchet Lane, Winkfield near Ascot. Ellen had married Winkfield housepainter Frederick Bowyer (1863).

In 1901 John was a police pensioner living at St Giles, Reading. There is a record of the burial of an 80 year old John Bint at nearby Earley in 1912. In 1889 Reading's police constables earned £1, 3 shillings and 4 pence per week, and sergeants £1, 13 shillings and 3 pence.  Cutlasses were carried by sergeants and constables until 1902. The Isle of Ely had its own Constabulary from 1841. It included four districts - Ely, Wisbech, Whittlesey and Chatteris, each of which were self-contained and independent from one another.

John's sister Ellen Bint (1845) married butler Alfred Brown (1852) from Hampshire in 1869. He appears to have worked in the Arborfield area as all of his children were born there. The were Alfred Brown (1872), Arthur (1873), Walter Ernest (1875) and Cecil Frederick (1878).

By 1901 the family had moved to Horsham, Sussex where Ellen had two sons living at home, Walter who was a school-teacher and Cecil a carpenter.

Another sister Mary Bint (1848) was working in domestic service as a saloon maid at a house named 'Darlinghurst' at nearby Whitley in 1871. Her future husband George Brake (1842) from Yetminster in Dorset was the coachman at neighbouring Park House. They married at Reading in 1873 and had moved to St Leonards near Hastings by 1881 where George was still a coachman. By 1901 his trade had changed to 'cab driver'. They had two children, George D Brake (1876) and Grace (1878).



Philip Thomas Bint's 1850 birthplace.  Sandy Bottom, Sandy Lane in 1995. Wokingham is 1.5 miles to the right. Arborfield a similar distance to the left.


Another of James Bint's children, Hannah Bint (1840) married Thomas Haines (1839) in 1859. They only had one child, Agnes Haines, born 1860 whose father unfortunately died in 1861. 

Hannah remarried. He was George Clements (1839) a farm worker from nearby Barkham. They had three sons, William (1863), Thomas (1872) and Francis Bint Clements (1876) and a daughter, Ada Bint Clements (1882). They moved to the Sunningdale area around 1875 where George was employed as a farm-labourer.

Francis and Ada were born while he was living at Sunningdale Park Lodge.

In 1901 Ada was a draper's assistant boarding in Pimlico, London. She was married at Sunningdale in 1903.

There were members of the Clements family appearing in the Arborfield Church register as far back as the 17th Century.

The picture on the left shows the entrance to Sunningdale Park which is now a conference centre. Though the mansion was rebuilt in the early 20th century this appears to be the original Victorian lodge and gate-house.

Their son William Clements was shown as a letter carrier on the 1881 census. He married Alice Maud Read (1865) from Ash in Surrey.

They migrated to the USA on the SS City of Montreal in 1885 and two of his children, Agnes Clements (1887) and Arthur 1889 were born in Florida. The family returned to the UK and  in 1901 were living a few miles from Sunningdale at Trumps Green, Virginia Water where he was employed as a "stationary engine driver".

His brother Thomas Clements (1872) was listed as a junior clerk for an estate agent at Sunningdale in 1891.

His younger brother, Francis Bint Clements (1876), married Alice Sanger (1877) at Maidenhead, Berkshire in 1905.


Francis Bint Clements in his early working life was a groom at Ascot Wood House, South Ascot, the home of the Liddell family, Henry George Liddell, and Lorina Liddell. The family are famous for their association with Lewis Carroll.

Their daughter Alice Liddell was born on 4 May 1852 and  the 3rd child and second daughter of the Dean from  Christ Church College in Oxford.  She was Charles Dodgson’s favourite girlfriend. She was also his main inspiration for the stories "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" and "Through the Looking Glass". Dodgson (the real name of Lewis Carroll) told her many stories, and the Wonderland story was one of the tales he invented to amuse her and her sisters.


Moses Bint (1843) married Mary Jane Davis who was born at Fairford in Gloucestershire in 1840. Their marriage took place in 1867 at Reading, Berkshire. Their first child Albert, (1868-1899), who spent most of his working life in central London, was born at his mother's home town of Fairford in Gloucestershire. The 1881 census shows Moses working and living at the same stables as he was in 1871, a coachman for the owners of Woodley Hill mansion, (today a college), near Earley. The 1891 census has him similarly employed (coachman & groom) but only one of their children, 15 year old Agnes, a dressmaker’s apprentice, at home. St Peter’s parish records seem to show both Mary Jane & Moses being re-christened in 1870 (unless the clerk made a mistake when William was baptised!) Moses died in 1908, and Mary Jane in 1913. They are both buried at St Peter’s, Earley, a few miles from Arborfield. They had four children Albert Davis Bint (1868), William Davis (1870), Harry Davis(1872) and Agnes Davis (1876).

Moses and Mary Jane's eldest son,  Albert Davis Bint (1868) was already a groom as a 13 year old on the 1881 census. In 1901 he was listed as a coachman at St George's, Hanover Square in central London. He had married Lizzie Jane Westland (1870) from New Cross at Holborn, London in 1899.

Harry Davis Bint (1872-1934) was a servant to the future King George V. He travelled with the Royal party as a "brusher" (valet) on their seven months tour of the Empire in 1901. Harry married Dorothy Ashburn (1872) from Allnwick, Northumberland in 1894 at St Georges, Hanover Square in London. Before their marriage in 1894, Dorothy was a maid in the service of the Duke of Northumberland who had homes in both Alnwick and Grosvenor Place, Belgravia.

His description on entry to Ellis Island, New York in 1912 was 6 feet tall, blue eyes and dark complexion.

She and Harry had eight children, 7 born in the London area, and one, William, at Dorothy's home town of Alnwick. They were Henry Charles (1895), Annie (1896), William Albert (1899), Lily (1900), Edward (1902), Ernest (1905), Alfred (1906), and Frank (1908-1914).

Henry Charles Bint (1895-1915) who trained as a shipping clerk, lost his life while serving as a soldier with the Queen's Westminster Rifles at Belgium during World War I.

The chartered Royal Yacht "Ophir" disembarking the Duke and Duchess of York in Sydney Harbour on 6th May 1901 and the 'Arcadian' in 1912.


The following text was extracted from a book called "With the Royal Tour" by E.F. Knight. He was a journalist for the Morning Post and accompanied the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York on their 1901 royal tour of the  Empire as they travelled a total of 45,000 miles.

The Duke on his return was invested as The Prince of Wales and later became King George V.

"It may interest you to know" the Prince said in a speech on his return to the City of London; "that we travelled over 45,000 miles, 33,000 miles by sea and 12,000 by land and I think it is a matter on which all may feel proud that, with the exception of Port Said, we never set foot on any land where the Union Jack did not fly". The tour lasted seven months in total.


In March 1912 39 year old Harry Davis Bint is recorded as being a passenger on the "Arcadian" sailing from Bermuda to New York. His occupation is give as valet and he was travelling with his employer the American banker J Borden Harriman.

The form filled in on his arrival at Ellis Island shows that he had already previously spent two years there.

The 'Arcadian', a twin-screw cruising yacht of the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company and capable of carrying 434 passengers, operated between Southampton and New York by way of the West Indies and Colon, and was designed especially for the use of tourists.



William Albert Bint (1899) married Lorna Adair-Richardson at Hampstead in 1927. They settled at Marlborough in Wiltshire and had two children, Helenora A Bint (1928) and Geoffrey G A Bint (1930)

Two others sons, Edward and Ernest Bint, were described as 'commercial clerks' on Harry's 1934 Fulham probate record.

Lily Bint (1900-1993) married John Doerr (1897-1937) at Wandsworth in 1920. They had two children, Joan Doerr (1921) and Peter John Doerr (1926-2000)

Annie Agnes Bint (1896) married George C Cooke at Andover, Hampshire in 1922.








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