forest of deanweb The Bint Family from Eaton





The Bint Family of Eaton,
 Standlake & Yorkshire

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The Three Horseshoes Pub at Appleton
This Bint family  lived in the Appleton, Eaton area near Cumnor to the South West of Oxford, all of which was in Berkshire until 1974 when  a number of major boundary changes took place. A large area to the north west as far as Abingdon was transferred to Oxfordshire, and Slough, (formerly in Buckinghamshire) became part of Berkshire.

Shinfield & Arborfield 
Eaton & Oxford 
Yorkshire & Luton 
Hertford & London 
Will Bint - Comedian 
Lambourn Area 

Sparsholt & Goosey

New Zealand Families

Henry Bint  1839 - 1911 and the Standlake, Luton & Yorkshire families James Bint 1832-1905 and the Eaton & Oxford families

Appleton, a village and a parish in Berkshire. The village stands near the Upper Thames, 5 miles NW of Abingdon station on the G.W.R., and has a post and money order office under Abingdon, which is the telegraph office. The parish includes also the township of Eaton. Acreage, 2077 ; population, 532. The Fettiplaces had an old seat here, which is now reduced to a fragment, with remains of a moat The living is a rectory in the diocese of Oxford; net yearly value, £330 with residence, in the gift of Magdalen College, Oxford. The church is a plain stone building in the Early English style, the chancel being 15th century. The tower contains a fine peal of ten bells. The nave was restored in 1883. The church has a Jacobean tomb of Sir J. Fettiplace, and a brass of a skeleton (1518). There is also a small Wesleyan chapel. The manor house is supposed to have been built in the reign of Henry II.       Transcribed from The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England and Wales, 1894-5

Across the river from Eaton, at the Bablock Hythe ferry, is the historic parish of Northmoor in Oxfordshire. Bablock Hythe was on the Berkshire Oxfordshire border until 1974. There were Bint family members baptised at Northmoor long before those at Eaton.

Close to Long Leys Farm is the Physic Well an ancient water-hole renowned in the 17th century for its curative powers. 

The Eaton Bint family's first proven ancestor was William Bint who was born in Berkshire around 1725 and died in December 1802 at Appleton.

William was married to Susanna who was probably from Besselsleigh. Susannah died in 1815 and was also buried at Appleton. They had at least five children, Mary  - 1750, John  - 1753-1768, William - 1761-1829, Susanah - 1759, Joanna - 1761.

Their son William Bint (1761) was a shoe maker who was married on the 13th of  December 1784 at St Lawrence Church, Besselsleigh to Emily Buckingham. She  was born in 1767, the daughter of Robert and Mary Buckingham of Besselsleigh. They had at least five children, all baptised at Besselsleigh,  John Bint - 1792, Rosanna- 1798, Hannah - 1800, Phillip- 1804, William- 1795.  

William & Emily's son Phillip Bint (1804-1889) was a farm labourer who on the 4th of June 1830 married Eliza Fletcher (1811-1850) at her home parish church of South Hinksey.  Philip and Elizabeth had five children, Charles -1831-1832,  James - 1832-1905, Fanny - 1835-37, Charles - 1837-1854,  Henry -  1839-1911, and George - 1849.

Elizabeth died in 1850 and Philip remarried in 1852 at St Lawrence Church Appleton. Sarah Townsend (1817-1903) was the widow of Appleton farm-worker Zachariah Giles (1814-1846) who had died in 1846. She was born in the Berkshire town of Wallingford.  Phillip and Sarah continued to live in the Eaton/Cumnor area  and had two children, Alice (1853), and Selina (1856).

The 1851 census shows Philip as a widower at Eaton with 3 of his sons, Charles 14, George 2 and Henry 11. It also shows at another address the widowed Sarah Giles listed as a pauper with four children, the youngest Zachariah jnr, baptised in November 1846 just two months after the death of his father. 

In 1871 Phillip and Sarah were still living at Appleton with  their two daughters.

Both parents are believed to have died as paupers in the Abingdon workhouse.             Reading Mercury 5th May 1855


William and Emily's daughter Rosanna Bint (1798-1880) married Abingdon mason's labourer William Reynolds (1795-1860) in 1823. They lived at Ock Street, Abingdon all their lives.   Their children were: Eliza Reynolds 1829 – 1894, Harriett Reynolds 1832 – 1914, Sarah Reynolds 1834 – 1868, George Reynolds 1837 – 1918, and John Reynolds 1840 – 1925.


William & Emily's son William Bint (1795) appears to have moved to Yorkshire with his wife Ann. He was employed as a sacking weaver in the Howden area near Selby.  His wife died there in 1839 and he was still in that location during the 1860s and staying at the 'Half Moon' at Howden in 1861. At some point he returned to Berkshire where he was listed as an inmate of the Abingdon workhouse in 1881. He is believed to have died there.


The picture on the left shows the Half Moon at Howden, near Selby, Yorkshire in 1925.

I do find his moving a couple of hundred miles from his birth place quite puzzling. Its not surprising that at a time when Berkshire agricultural workers were having a difficult time surviving  he would seek work elsewhere, but this was long before our country developed a rail network and the journey by road would have been long and hazardous. I can only guess that he spent some time working in the Midlands before reaching Yorkshire. TB


Philip and Sarah's daughter Selina Bint (1856) married farm worker Thomas Bennett (1850) from Cumnor in 1873. They  settled at Appleton village and raised 10 children.  Charles Bennett 1874, Mary Ann Bennett 1876, Alice Bennett 1878, Rosina Bennett 1880, Ellen Bennett 1884,  Henry Bennett 1886, Stella Bennett 1889, Louisa May Bennett 1891, George Bennett 1894, and  Reginald James Bennett 1896. 


Philip and Sarah's other daughter Alice Bint (1853-1938) also married a farm worker and settled in Appleton. He was Charles William Bullock who was born at nearby Marcham in 1852. They were married in 1871. On the 1891 census her recently widowed mother Sarah Bint is staying with them. Their children all born at Appleton were: Kate Bullock 1872 – 1962, Albert Bullock 1880, Thirza Bullock 1883 – 1973, and Gertrude Ellen Bullock 1890 – 1980.



In 1835 Abingdon had the dubious honour of opening the first Union workhouse in the country. It followed the passing of the Poor Law Act in 1834 establishing a system of Poor Law Union workhouses. The complex was built on the Oxford Road opposite St. Edmund's Church. The Master could view most activities from his parlour in the central hub of the complex. 

With little security at all, the agricultural day labourers were near the bottom of society.  They were better off only than those with no income, the paupers.  The poor were often widows and orphans, who had lost their family bread-winner, or the elderly or those who were disabled and unable to work.  These ‘undeserved poor’ were supported through parish rates.

By 1840 six out of seven of our ancestors in England and Wales lived in areas where the Poor Law was in force. It was a stark terrible fact that the majority of people were at some time or another likely to find themselves destitute. Yet there was a suicidal horror of the dreaded workhouse; people endured desperate cold and hunger before applying for entry.

The Workhouses were intended to be "less desirable than life outside", with the theory being that if things inside the Workhouse could be made as disagreeable as possible, then they would be encouraged to find work and not depend on the Poor Rate.  This was intended to be accomplished by strict discipline, sparse food, and separation of not just males and females, but of families.


Abingdon Poor Law Union was formed on 1st January 1835, the very first union to be declared under the new Act, comprising 14 parishes.

 However it was enlarged from 6th October 1835 to include a total of 38 parishes. Its operation was overseen by an elected Board of Guardians, 41 in number, representing its constituent parishes listed below.

Berkshire: Abingdon St Helen, Abingdon St Nicholas, Appleford, Appleton and Eaton, Besselsleigh, Cumnor, Draycot Moor, Drayton, Frilford, Fyfield, Garford, Kingston Bagpuize, Lyford, Marcham, Milton, North Hinksey, Radley, Seacourt, South Hinksey, Steventon, Sunningwell, Sutton Courtenay, Sutton Wick, Tubney, Wootton, Wytham.
Later Additions: Bagley Wood, Chandlings Ford.
Oxfordshire: Binsey, Burcott, Chiselhampton, Clifton (Hampden), Culham, Drayton St. Leonard, Littlemoor, Marsh Baldon, Nuneham Courtenay, Sandford, Stadhampton, Toot Baldon.

A number of elderly paupers from the farm labouring Bint family spent time here and its where William (1795), his brother Philip (1804-1889) and Philip's second wife Sarah (1817-1903) are believed to have died.

The workhouse was closed in 1932 and demolished soon after.



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Around Old Eaton   William & Rose   James Bint & the Oxford Family  
Barkham History Site   Bertha Bint      
Arborfield History Site   An 1898 letter from England      
Lambourn Baptisms   The Lancashire Witch      
Childrey Village   Charlotte's Album      
Magdalene's 1686 will   The Voyage of the Cardigan Castle      
Mary Russell Mitford's Book   Cousin Arthur Soanes & 1880s Tarata      
Mary Mitford's Home   The Rawlinsons      
James Bint & the Oxford Family   The Aussie Rawlinsons